Category Archives: Biology

Handbook of Physics in Medicine and Biology

By Robert Splinter

In contemplating ways in which physics has helped strengthen biology and drugs, what in most cases involves brain are a number of the instruments utilized by researchers and clinicians. we expect of the optics positioned to paintings in microscopes, endoscopes, and lasers; the complex diagnostics authorised via magnetic, x-ray, and ultrasound imaging; or even the nanotools, that permit us to tinker with molecules. We construct those tools based on the nearest factor to absolute truths we all know, the legislation of physics, yet seldom can we follow those self same constants of physics to the learn of our personal carbon-based beings, similar to fluidics utilized to the movement of blood, or the legislation of movement and effort utilized to operating muscle.

Instead of contemplating one point or the other, Handbook of Physics in medication and Biology explores the total gamut of physics’ dating to biology and drugs in additional than forty chapters, written through specialists from the lab to the clinic.

The booklet starts with a easy description of particular organic good points and delves into the physics of specific anatomical constructions beginning with the phone. Later chapters examine the body's senses, organs, and structures, carrying on with to give an explanation for organic capabilities within the language of physics.

The textual content then info a number of analytical modalities equivalent to imaging and diagnostic equipment. a last part turns to destiny views relating to tissue engineering, together with the biophysics of prostheses and regenerative drugs.

The editor’s strategy all through is to handle the most important healthcare demanding situations, together with tissue engineering and reproductive medication, in addition to improvement of synthetic organs and prosthetic units. The contents are geared up by way of organ variety and organic functionality, that is given a transparent description when it comes to electrical, mechanical, thermodynamic, and hydrodynamic houses. as well as the actual descriptions, every one bankruptcy discusses ideas of comparable medical diagnostic equipment and technological points of healing purposes. the ultimate part on regenerative engineering, emphasizes biochemical and physiochemical components which are vital to enhancing or changing organic services. Chapters disguise fabrics used for a extensive diversity of purposes linked to the alternative or fix of tissues or whole tissue structures.

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Biological Modeling and Simulation: A Survey of Practical Models, Algorithms, and Numerical Methods (Computational Molecular Biology)

By Russell Schwartz

There are many fantastic computational biology assets now to be had for studying approximately equipment which were built to deal with particular organic structures, yet relatively little consciousness has been paid to education aspiring computational biologists to deal with new and unanticipated difficulties. this article is meant to fill that hole through educating scholars the right way to cause approximately constructing formal mathematical versions of organic platforms which are amenable to computational research. It collects in a single position a range of greatly worthwhile types, algorithms, and theoretical research instruments more often than not came upon scattered between many different disciplines. It thereby offers the aspiring pupil a bag of methods that would serve her or him good in modeling difficulties drawn from quite a few subfields of biology. those innovations are taught from the viewpoint of what the practitioner must recognize to take advantage of them successfully, supplemented with references for extra interpreting on extra complex use of every strategy coated. The textual content, which grew out of a category taught at Carnegie Mellon collage, covers types for optimization, simulation and sampling, and parameter tuning. those issues supply a normal framework for studying find out how to formulate mathematical versions of organic platforms, what recommendations can be found to paintings with those versions, and the way to slot the versions to specific structures. Their program is illustrated by way of many examples drawn from various organic disciplines and a number of other prolonged case stories that exhibit how the tools defined were utilized to actual difficulties in biology.

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Marine Mammals of the World: A Comprehensive Guide to Their Identification

With assurance on the entire marine mammals of the realm, authors Jefferson, Webber, and Pitman have created a trouble-free consultant to spot marine mammals alive in nature (at sea or at the beach), lifeless specimens “in hand”, and in addition to spot marine mammals in keeping with good points of the cranium. this useful advisor offers marine biologists and lay individuals with specific descriptions of diagnostic beneficial properties, illustrations of exterior visual appeal, appealing images, dichotomous keys, and extra. complete colour illustrations and bright pictures of each residing marine mammal species are integrated, in addition to comprehendible maps displaying a number of details. For readers who hope extra session, authors have incorporated an inventory of literature references on the finish of every species account. For an more desirable knowing of habitation, this consultant additionally comprises recognizable geographic varieties defined individually with colourful work and images. All of those crucial instruments supplied make Marine Mammals of the realm the main special and authoritative advisor on hand!

* includes marvelous images of each species of marine mammal for exact identity
* Authors’ collective adventure provides as much as eighty years, and feature visible the majority of the species and detailed geographic types defined within the advisor
* presents the main exact and anatomically actual illustrations at present on hand
* particular emphasis is put on the id of species in “problem groups,” corresponding to the beaked whales, long-beaked oceanic dolphin, and southern fur seals
* incorporates a specified checklist of assets for additional info in the back of the ebook.

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Hadrosaurs (Life of the Past)

By David A. Eberth

Hadrosaurs―also referred to as duck-billed dinosaurs―are ample within the fossil list. With their specified advanced jaws and tooth ideally fitted to shred and chunk vegetation, they flourished in the world in awesome range throughout the overdue Cretaceous. So ubiquitous are their continues to be that we've got discovered extra approximately dinosaurian paleobiology and paleoecology from hadrosaurs than we've from the other crew. lately, hadrosaurs were within the highlight. Researchers all over the world were learning new specimens and new taxa trying to extend and make clear our wisdom of those superb beasts. This quantity offers the result of a world symposium on hadrosaurs, subsidized via the Royal Tyrrell Museum and the Royal Ontario Museum, the place scientists and scholars accumulated to percentage their examine and their ardour for duck-billed dinosaurs. A uniquely finished remedy of hadrosaurs, the booklet encompasses not just the well known hadrosaurids right, but in addition Hadrosaouroidea, permitting the previous workforce to be evaluated in a broader point of view. The 36 chapters are divided into six sections―an evaluate, new insights into hadrosaur origins, hadrosaurid anatomy and version, biogeography and biostratigraphy, functionality and progress, and protection, tracks, and traces―followed through an afterword via Jack Horner.

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Philosophical Biology in Aristotle's Parts of Animals (Studies in History and Philosophy of Science)

By Jason A. Tipton

This ebook presents a close research of Aristotle’s components of Animals. It offers the wealth of data supplied within the organic works of Aristotle and revisits the special normal background observations that tell, and in lots of methods penetrate, the philosophical argument. It increases the query of the way effortless it truly is to obviously distinguish among what a few could describe as “merely” organic and the philosophical. It explores the thought and results of describing the job during which Aristotle is engaged as philosophical biology.  The booklet examines such questions as:  do readers of Aristotle consider organisms like Ascidians or Holothurians whilst attempting to comprehend Aristotle’s argument concerning plant-like animals?  Do they wish the phenomena in entrance of them to appreciate the phrases of the philosophical argument in a richer way?  The dialogue of plant-like animals is necessary in Aristotle a result of query concerning the continuum among plant and animal lifestyles. the place does Aristotle draw the line?  Plant-like animals deliver this query into concentration and exhibit the indeterminacy of any power option to the department. This research of components of Animals exhibits that the research of the character of the natural global used to be Aristotle’s means into such ontological difficulties because the courting among subject and shape, or shape and serve as, or the heterogeneity of the various other kinds of being.​

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Introduction to Systems Biology

This ebook presents an introductory textual content for undergraduate and graduate scholars who're drawn to complete organic platforms. The authors provide a vast evaluation of the sector utilizing key examples and standard methods to experimental layout. the amount starts off with an creation to structures biology after which info experimental omics instruments. different sections introduce the reader to difficult computational techniques. the ultimate sections offer principles for theoretical and modeling optimization in systemic organic researches. The booklet is an crucial source, delivering a primary glimpse into the cutting-edge in structures biology.

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The Social Conquest of Earth

By Edward O. Wilson

New York occasions Bestseller

From the main celebrated inheritor to Darwin comes a groundbreaking publication on evolution, the summa paintings of Edward O. Wilson's mythical career.

Sparking full of life debate within the sciences, The Social Conquest of Earth upends “the recognized thought that evolution clearly encourages creatures to place family members first” (Discover). Refashioning the tale of human evolution, Wilson attracts on his extraordinary wisdom of biology and social habit to illustrate that crew choice, now not family members choice, is the foremost motive force of human evolution. In a piece that James D. Watson calls “a huge exploration of the organic origins of the human condition,” Wilson explains how our innate force to belong to a bunch is either a “great blessing and a poor curse” (Smithsonian). Demonstrating that the resources of morality, faith, and the artistic arts are essentially organic in nature, the popular Harvard collage biologist provides us with the clearest clarification ever produced as to the beginning of the human and why it led to our domination of the Earth’s biosphere. ninety illustrations

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The Biology of Cancer, 2nd Edition

By Robert A. Weinberg, Robert A Weinberg

Thoroughly up to date and incorporating crucial advances within the fast-growing box of melanoma biology, The Biology of Cancer, moment variation, keeps all of its hallmark good points prominent by means of scholars, teachers, researchers, and clinicians round the world.

The Biology of Cancer is a textbook for college kids learning the molecular and mobile bases of melanoma on the undergraduate, graduate, and clinical institution degrees. the rules of melanoma biology are offered in an prepared, cogent, and in-depth demeanour. The readability of writing, supported by means of an in depth full-color paintings software and various pedagogical positive factors, makes the e-book obtainable and interesting. the knowledge unfolds during the presentation of key experiments that supply readers a feeling of discovery and supply insights into the conceptual starting place underlying sleek melanoma biology.

The new moment variation has been comprehensively revised and up-to-date to incorporate significant advances in melanoma biology during the last six years. Updates comprise present details on:

  • The tumor microenvironment
  • Metastatic dissemination
  • Tumor immunology
  • Cancer stem cells
  • The epithelial-mesenchymal transition
  • Multi-step tumorigenesis
  • Invasion and metastasis
  • Mutation of melanoma telephone genomes
  • Greatly increased remedy of conventional therapy
  • Epigenetic contributions
  • MicroRNA involvement
  • The Warburg effect

Besides its worth as a textbook, The Biology of Cancer is an invaluable reference for people operating in biomedical laboratories and for medical professionals.

Every reproduction of the e-book comes with an up-to-date "Pathways in Human melanoma" poster and a DVD-ROM containing the book’s artwork application, a enormously accelerated number of videos, audio dossier mini-lectures, Supplementary Sidebars, and a Media Guide.

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Drawing the Map of Life: Inside the Human Genome Project (A Merloyd Lawrence Book)

By Victor K. McElheny

Drawing the Map of Life is the dramatic tale of the Human Genome undertaking from its origins, in the course of the race to reserve the three billion subunits of DNA, to the surprises rising as scientists search to take advantage of the molecule of heredity. It’s the 1st account to deal intensive with the highbrow roots of the undertaking, the motivations that drove it, and the hype that regularly masked real triumphs.

Distinguished technology journalist Victor McElheny bargains vibrant, insightful profiles of key humans, reminiscent of David Botstein, Eric Lander, Francis Collins, James Watson, Michael Hunkapiller, and Craig Venter. McElheny additionally indicates that the Human Genome venture is a outstanding instance of ways new thoughts (such as restrict enzymes and sequencing tools) frequently arrive first, shaping the questions scientists then ask.

Drawing on years of unique interviews and reporting within the internal circles of organic technology, Drawing the Map of Life is the definitive, up to date tale of today’s maximum medical quest. not anyone who needs to appreciate genome mapping and the way it truly is reworking our lives can have enough money to overlook this book.

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