Postmodern Belief: American Literature and Religion since 1960 (20/21)

By Amy Hungerford

How can excessive non secular ideals coexist with pluralism in the USA at the present time? analyzing the function of the non secular mind's eye in modern spiritual perform and in a number of the best-known works of yank literature from the prior fifty years, Postmodern Belief exhibits how trust for its personal sake--a trust absent of doctrine--has turn into a solution to pluralism in a mundane age. Amy Hungerford finds how ingenious literature and spiritual practices jointly let novelists, poets, and critics to precise the formal parts of language in transcendent phrases, conferring upon phrases a non secular worth self reliant of meaning.

Hungerford explores the paintings of significant American writers, together with Allen Ginsberg, Don DeLillo, Cormac McCarthy, Toni Morrison, and Marilynne Robinson, and hyperlinks their special visions to the spiritual worlds they contact. She illustrates how Ginsberg's chant-infused Sixties poetry echoes the tongue-speaking of Charismatic Christians, how DeLillo reimagines the unconventional and the Latin Mass, why McCarthy's prose imitates the Bible, and why Morrison's fiction wishes the supernatural. Uncovering how literature and faith conceive of an international the place non secular trust can get away confrontations with different worldviews, Hungerford corrects fresh efforts to discard the significance of trust in knowing spiritual existence, and argues that trust in trust itself can rework secular interpreting and writing right into a spiritual act.

Honoring the ways that humans speak about and perform faith, Postmodern Belief highlights the claims of the non secular mind's eye in twentieth-century American culture.

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18. See Bryan Wilson, “Secularization,” The Encyclopedia of faith, ed. Mircea Eliade (New York: MacMillan, 1987), vol. thirteen, 159–65. NOTES TO bankruptcy 1 146 19. Zygmunt Bauman, Intimations of Postmodernity (New York: Routledge, 1991), x–xi. 20. The editor of the second one version issues out this blind spot within the first variation, now not rather a lot as Ahlstrom’s failure of perception yet as testimony to the movement’s speedy and unlookedfor upward thrust. See Ahlstrom, The non secular heritage of the yankee humans, foreword and concluding bankruptcy by means of David D. corridor (New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press, 2004). 21. Berger, A Rumor of Angels: smooth Society and the Rediscovery of the Supernatural (Garden urban, new york: Doubleday, 1969), ninety five. 22. See Robert Ellwood, The Sixties non secular Awakening: American faith relocating from sleek to Postmodern (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers collage Press, 1994). 23. Peter L. Berger, “The Desecularization of the realm: an international Overview,” in Desecularization of the area: Resurgent faith and global Politics, ed. Peter Berger, a ebook of the Ethics and Public coverage middle, Washington, DC (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1999), 2. 24. Lionel Trilling, past tradition: Essays on Literature and studying (New York: Viking Press, 1965), 8–9 (all quotations). 25. The Jesus prayer is as follows: “Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner. ” 26. J. D. Salinger, Franny and Zooey (New York: Bantam, 1964; first released in 1961), forty eight, forty nine. All additional citations are from the Bantam variation and are pointed out parenthetically within the textual content. 27. much less brave souls, like one other brother named Wake, pointed out every now and then within the tale, include particular doctrine with no even attempting to clutch its relation to preincarnational knowledge: Wake has turn into a Roman Catholic priest. 28. Edward stated, the area, the textual content, and the Critic (Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 1983), 291–92 (all quotations). 29. John Guillory, Cultural Capital: the matter of Literary Canon Formation (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1993), 136, 138. See additionally Robert Scholes, the increase and Fall of English: Reconstructing English as a self-discipline (New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press, 1998). the hole bankruptcy offers a appropriate account of the way Christianity and literary experiences are entwined from the nineteenth-century onward. 30. Guillory, a hundred sixty five (“empty shrine” and “already within”). in different places, Guillory argues that this contrast quickly rendered the hot Criticism’s Christian investments pointless because the engine of literature’s transcendence. Guillory argues that “The hassle of the literary language valorized by means of the recent feedback distinct it from the mass tradition, from the works of renowned modernism,” and therefore “the crypto-religious polemic of the recent Critics opposed to the secularity of recent lifestyles may well drop away within the Fifties: that polemic may be got because the polemic opposed to mass tradition in keeping with se” (172). All literature had to justify its survival (albeit within the slender halls of academia) was once the declare that “difficulty” marked its transcendence of mass tradition.

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