Examines the ancient heritage and significant cultural advancements of the Mediaeval Renaissance.
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Extra info for The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century
Ordinary lists of debtors belong to a later interval. In process time a contrast could frequently be made among books stored in a chest lower than lock and key and others that have been put outdoor at no cost use instantaneous and have been frequently chained to the table for safeguard, cathenati advert communem utilitatem. 'The chained Bible' which has been the item of rather a lot virtuous indignation at the a part of Protestants was once chained for the aim of insuring, no longer of proscribing, its use. I Rotuli iitterarum clausarum, i (London, 1833), p. 108 (2. nine March, four April, 1208). 86 THE 12th CENTURY hardly does any library or half thereof proceed at the present time to occupy its twelfth-century website. the manager exceptions are yes of the older cathedrals of Spain, Italy, Germany, and England, or even those have frequently been rebuilt in a later age. Monastic examples are infrequent, like St. Gall or the Cistercian abbeys of Austria. Monte Cassino, it really is actual, nonetheless holds the incomparable mount whence Benedict "looked down and seemed within"; however the constructions are smooth, and masses of the outdated library is scattered. whilst Boccaccio visited the room within the fourteenth century, he discovered the door long gone, the home windows grass-grown, the manuscripts deep with airborne dirt and dust, whereas many of the most interesting volumes have been torn aside or had misplaced their margins, taken to fabricate little psalters and books of devotion on the market by means of the priests. possibly he exaggerates a section for literary impression, as does Poggio whilst he rescued his well-known reproduction of Quintilian from the damp and mold of a gloomy room on the backside of a tower at St. Gall. at the least, the main cautious monasteries bought duplicates freely within the fourteenth and 15th centuries. The dissolution of the English monasteries lower than Henry VIII dispersed their libraries in all places, and the early glossy interval observed nice dilapidations at the Continent. a lot of the mischief were performed by the point the French Revolution and comparable pursuits in different lands claimed monastic and different libraries for public depositories. by means of those measures of secularization the library of Mont-Saint-Michel came across itself transported BOOKS AND LIBRARIES to Avranches, these of Tegernsee and Benediktbeuern to Munich, these of the Florentine cloisters to the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale within the UfIizi. yet in lots of situations the move got here too past due. The library of Fleury went to Orleans, yet a lot of it have been scattered by way of the Protestants in 1562, and the fragments needs to now be sought additionally at Bern, Rome, Leyden, London, and Paris. these of Bec and Bobbio have been likewise commonly dispersed. So, too, person codices have been torn to items and scattered, occasionally to foreign places, leaving just a couple of fly-leaves to inform the story. whilst as soon as a quantity left a library, its hazard was once grave. it could possibly fall into clever palms and eventually succeed in another library, however it may additionally be used in simple terms as loads parchment, for the binding of books, to hide preserve-jars, or to make cartridges. All this regardless of contents, for in relation to books the teeth of time isn't any respecter of people.